Here's a simplified version of our favorite tartare, inspired by our time in Ethiopia. Kitfo can also be cooked and has its own unique names - tire, leb leb, geba yale and yebesele - according to the degree of cooking. It is traditionally eaten with your hands using tef crepes and braised green cabbage leaves. We serve it with lettuce. A little advice: make a lot of spiced butter; it's great to cook with and keeps for a long time.
Spiced clarified butter
⅓ cup clarified butter
¼ tsp oregano
¼ tsp turmeric
1 sliver cinnamon
1 pinch thyme
¼ tsp dry ginger
1 clove garlic, minced
1 scallion, minced
Put clarified butter in a small pot. Coarsely grind dry spices; add to the pot along with garlic and scallion. Heat on low for a few minutes; remove from heat when the butter start to smell and the garlic begins to color. Let stand 10 minutes. Filter through a fine mesh sieve or paper coffee filter. Wipe the pot with a paper towel.
Cut meat into 1 to 1 ½-inch cubes then chop, not too finely, with a knife. If you use a food processor, chop the meat in 3 batches until fine but not minced.
Grind chile and spices finely in a mortar. Place the strained butter in the pot and warm gently. Add ground spices, beef and salt. Mix well and serve raw if you want a tire kitfo. Otherwise, continue to cook to leb leb, geba yale or yebesele (rare, medium or well done).
Garnish with chopped jalapeño and basil. Serve with lettuce leaves to make little rolls.